Aziatische Kunst

Sanghati - Monastic Robe

Sanghati - Monastic Robe
The tradition of wearing monastic robes is common for Buddhist monks and nuns and this tradition may date back to time of Lord Buddha himself, almost 2500 years ago.

The tradition of wearing monastic robes is common for Buddhist monks and nuns and this tradition may date back to time of Lord Buddha himself, almost 2500 years ago. The monastic robes are known as Kasaya and is usually named after saffron dye . During the time of Buddha, monks used to wear robes that were patched together from the rags. In Sanskrit and Pali, the monastic robe is also called “ civara ” which means the robe without any regard to colors.

Robe during Buddha’s Time

There are various Buddhist art in India and China where Lord Buddha was shown wearing red robes . During the lifetime of Lord Buddha , as the disciples of Lord Buddha grew in the community of Sangha, so Lord Buddha made rules to make necessity of wearing robes. The record of such rules can be found in the Vinayap-Pitaka of the Pali Canon or Tripitaka. According to record, it was believed that Lord Buddha taught first monks and nuns to wear the robes of “pure cloth”. The term pure cloth literally means cloth that is not wanted by anyone. It is believed that original Buddhist Kasaya / cloth was originated in India and they were constructed from the discarded fabric or cloth.

Three Piece of Kasaya

According to Theravada Vinaya , Kasaya had three pieces of cloth and together they are called “Triple Robe” or “Tricivara”. The robe wore by Theravada monks today is believed to be unchanged from the original form of Kasaya from 25th Century. The three pieces of Kasaya are as follows:

Dalai Lama Monastic Robe
  • Uttarasanga
    Uttarasanga is also known as the prominent robe and is mostly used to wrap the entire left shoulder and leave the right shoulder, as well as an arm open. Uttarasanga mostly cover the Antaravasaka and is covered by Sanghati.
  • Antaravasaka
    Antaravasaka is the inner robe and is mostly used to cover the lower body. It is worn under the outer cloth ( Uttarasanga ).
    • Sanghati
      Sanghati is the outer robe and usually most visible robe among the three pieces. Sanghati is worn over Antaravasaka and Uttarasanga . Actually Sanghati is also worn for various occasions.

    As for the nuns of the community of Sangha , they wear five-fold robe which include the same three parts of monks robe and additional two pieces. The other two pieces are called Samkacchika and Udakasatika . Samkacchika is worn under Uttarasanga and Udakasatika is a bathing cloth.

Monastic Robe in Tibetan Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism follows the Mulasarvastivada Vinaya and wears a red robe as the characteristics of Mulasarvastivadadins. There are many kinds of robes, hats, and capes that are worn by Tibetan nunsmonks, and Lamas. The basic pieces of Tibetan robes are:

  1. Dhonka – wrap shirt with cape sleeves
  2. Shemdap – maroon skirt made from patched cloth
  3. Chogyu – like sanghati and worn on the outer body and is yellow in color
  4. Zhen – like chogyu but maroon and used for day-to-day wear
  5. Namjar – larger than chogyu and are made with more patches and used for formal ceremonial occasion.

Kasaya in Chinese Buddhism

In Chinese BuddhismBuddhist monks typically wore a red monastic robe. In some period of Chinese Buddhism, color of robes was considered as the medium to differentiate the monastics in China. The Kasaya is called Jiasha. But during the reign of Tang DynastyChinese Buddhist monastics started a tradition to wear greyish-black robe and was referred as “ Ziyi ”.

Deel deze pagina

Monk statues in our catalog

Antieke set monnik beelden

Antieke set monnik beelden

1550 euro
Antieke set houten monniken

Antieke set houten monniken

2450 euro
Antieke Birmese monnik

Antieke Birmese monnik

150 euro
Set antieke Birmese monniken

Set antieke Birmese monniken

300 euro
Oude houten Birmese monnik

Oude houten Birmese monnik

300 euro
Oude houten Monnik

Oude houten Monnik

60 euro
Antieke houten Birmese monnik

Antieke houten Birmese monnik

200 euro
Set antieke Birmese monniken

Set antieke Birmese monniken

300 euro
Oude Birmese monnik

Oude Birmese monnik

60 euro
Oude teakhouten monnik

Oude teakhouten monnik

300 euro
Antieke set van 8 monniken met Boeddha

Antieke set van 8 monniken met Boeddha

950 euro
Oude houten Birmese monnik

Oude houten Birmese monnik

350 euro
Set antieke monnik beelden

Set antieke monnik beelden

175 euro
Grote lavastenen monnik

Grote lavastenen monnik

1850 euro
Set oude Birmese monniken

Set oude Birmese monniken

575 euro
Oude set houten monniken

Oude set houten monniken

100 euro
Oude houten Birmese monnik

Oude houten Birmese monnik

550 euro
Antieke Birmese monnik

Antieke Birmese monnik

125 euro
Antieke Birmese Monnik

Antieke Birmese Monnik

150 euro
Oude houten Birmese Monnik

Oude houten Birmese Monnik

750 euro
Oude houten Birmese monnik

Oude houten Birmese monnik

250 euro
Antieke houten Birmese monnik

Antieke houten Birmese monnik

275 euro
Antieke Birmese monnik

Antieke Birmese monnik

150 euro
Antieke Birmese monnik

Antieke Birmese monnik

200 euro
Antieke set monniken

Antieke set monniken

1800 euro
Oude Birmese monnik

Oude Birmese monnik

100 euro
Antieke Birmese monnik

Antieke Birmese monnik

150 euro
Oude Birmese monnik

Oude Birmese monnik

100 euro
Oude houten monnik

Oude houten monnik

65 euro
Set antieke houten monniken

Set antieke houten monniken

1350 euro
arrow-right keyboard_arrow_right arrow-down keyboard_arrow_down arrow-left keyboard_arrow_left close menu search twitter facebook youtube-play linkedin envelope instagram google-plus pinterest whatsapp heart-o Wensenlijst share file-pdf-o printer trash