Aziatische Kunst

The Buddhas of Bamiyan

bamiyan-afghanistan
The destroyed Buddha statues of Bamiyan - Afghanistan

One of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, Bamyan ( The Place of Shining of Light ) is located in the central highland of Afghanistan. This largest province in Hazarat region is divided in six districts. Bamiyan is a home for various famous historical and cultural sites. Some of them are Band-e Amir National park, Dara-i-Ajhdar, Gholghola, the ancient towns Zakhak, Gaohargin, and the statues of standing Buddha which was destroyed in 2001.

Statues of Buddhas

“To the northeast of the royal city there is a mountain, on the declivity of which placed a stone figure of Buddha , erect in height of 140 or 150 feet. Its golden hues sparkle on every side, and its precious ornaments dazzle the eyes by their brightness.”
Quoted in the journals of Hiuen Tsiang

Dated as one of the oldest Buddha statues in the history of the world, this two 6th century monumental statues is situated in the Bamyan Valley in Afghanistan at an altitude of 2500 meters. There are two standing Buddha Statues carved in the cliff which are dated back to 6th century, the smaller statue was built in 504 A.D and the bigger one was built in 554 A.D. Those two statues were the first of many colossal images of Buddha appeared throughout the world.

The site was listed as World Heritage site by UNESCO which also includes the archeological remains of Bamyan Valley and surrounding cultural landscape. In recent news, the heritage experts are increasingly trying of reassemble at least one of the standing Buddha.

Architecture

destruction-of-buddhas-bamiyan

These two standing Buddha Statues shows the cosmopolitan nature of Buddhist art and is greatly influenced by Greco-Buddhist art . They are built in quite different style in every respect. The smaller Buddha Statue is a typical Gandharan Buddha figure of 2nd or 3rd C.E. The construction of smaller statues was very interesting since only the facial feature and other voluminous folds were molded in plaster of mud and straw and the body was basically carved in the stone body. The Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, Hiuen Tsiang reached the kingdom of Bamiyan in A.D. 632 and praised the statue since this figure was completely covered in gold leaf and metal ornaments and state that the statue was built from metal. The bigger standing statue of Buddha was a complete replica of a Late Gandharan Buddha type.

Attacks on Buddha Statue

Bamyan has always been the target for various attacks from 11th century to 20th century. In 1221, Bamyan got attacked by Great conqueror Genghis khan. Though the statues remain undamaged, various attacks on the statues were attempted by Mughal Emperor and Persian King Nader Afshar.
In March 2001, initially anti-aircraft guns and artillery were fired towards the statues, causing severe damage to the statues. After that, the Buddhas received additional damage by anti-tank mines placed by the Taliban. And the statues were finally destroyed by the explosives placed at the holes of the Buddha made by the previous attacks and rocket was launched destroying the statues completely.

Discoveries

Around 50 caves were discovered after the destruction of these two Buddha statues in Bamiyan. And various wall paintings were discovered which was stated that it was painted during the interval of 5th and 9th centuries.

The scientists also discovered the translation of the beginning section of the original Sanskrit PratÄ«tyasamutpāda Sutra . It was translated by Xuanzang, Chinese Buddhist pilgrim spelled out the belief of Buddhism . And most of all another reclining Buddha statue was discovered which 19 meter high posing Buddha’s Parinirvana Pose.

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Buddha statues in our catalog

Antieke bronzen Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke bronzen Mandalay Boeddha

2100 euro
Oude teakhouten Birmese Boeddha

Oude teakhouten Birmese Boeddha

275 euro
Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

2500 euro
Oud Nepalees Boeddhabeeld

Oud Nepalees Boeddhabeeld

250 euro
Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

1950 euro
Antiek Nepalees Tara beeld

Antiek Nepalees Tara beeld

250 euro
Antiek marmeren Boeddhabeeld

Antiek marmeren Boeddhabeeld

1950 euro
Antiek Boeddhabeeld uit begin Mandalay periode

Antiek Boeddhabeeld uit begin Mandalay periode

5500 euro
Antiek Birmees Boeddhabeeld

Antiek Birmees Boeddhabeeld

2650 euro
Antieke Birmese Ava Boeddha

Antieke Birmese Ava Boeddha

1950 euro
Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

1950 euro
Bronzen Nepalese Boeddha

Bronzen Nepalese Boeddha

175 euro
Antieke bronzen Japanse Boeddha

Antieke bronzen Japanse Boeddha

650 euro
Groot antiek houten Boeddhabeeld

Groot antiek houten Boeddhabeeld

3900 euro
Antieke Nepalese Gao - Reisboeddha

Antieke Nepalese Gao - Reisboeddha

150 euro
Antiek marmeren Ava Boeddhabeeld

Antiek marmeren Ava Boeddhabeeld

2350 euro
Antieke bronzen Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke bronzen Mandalay Boeddha

2100 euro
Oude bronzen Mandalay Boeddha

Oude bronzen Mandalay Boeddha

1200 euro
Antiek marmeren Ava Boeddhabeeld

Antiek marmeren Ava Boeddhabeeld

2450 euro
Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke houten Mandalay Boeddha

550 euro
Antieke bronzen Mon Boeddha

Antieke bronzen Mon Boeddha

3500 euro
Zeer hoge kwaliteit antieke Mandalay Boeddha

Zeer hoge kwaliteit antieke Mandalay Boeddha

3750 euro
Zeer bijzondere bronzen Arakan Boeddha

Zeer bijzondere bronzen Arakan Boeddha

9500 euro
Antieke bronzen Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke bronzen Mandalay Boeddha

1750 euro
18e eeuwse houten Shan Boeddha

18e eeuwse houten Shan Boeddha

950 euro
Antiek houten Shan Boeddhabeeld

Antiek houten Shan Boeddhabeeld

1200 euro
Antiek marmeren Boeddhabeeld

Antiek marmeren Boeddhabeeld

1100 euro
Antieke bronzen Shan Boeddha

Antieke bronzen Shan Boeddha

400 euro
Zeer vroege Birmese Arakan Boeddha

Zeer vroege Birmese Arakan Boeddha

3000 euro
Antieke Birmese Mandalay Boeddha

Antieke Birmese Mandalay Boeddha

250 euro
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